CattleHorsesSheep & GoatsPigsPoultryPetsPredator & Nuisance
Home
Search
What type of Fence?
Energisers
Energiser Accessories
Reels & Mounting Posts
Fence Posts
Insulators
Tape / Wire / Rope
Fence Kits
Electric Netting
Accessories
High Tensile
Electric Fencing
Contact Us
Where to Buy
Shopping List
Printable Version
Electric Fencing for Exotic Animals
Electric fencing is an excellent method to contain nearly all types of animals, including exotics such as llamas, emus and ostrich, and deer and elk. Like other animals, exotic animals will quickly learn to avoid the shock of an electric fence. However, unlike conventional domestic animals, exotic species pose additional fencing challenges. For example, they may have long, shaggy coats or thick plumage that do not conduct electricity well. In addition, many species exhibit excitable behaviors. Unfamiliar and unexpected sounds or stimuli, like honking traffic or barking dogs, may create stress and erratic behavior.

We recommend electrified high tensile fence as a safe and secure solution for most species. A high tensile fence will not only contain your exotic animals, it also will keep predators out. Choose a low impedance energiser that maintains high energy levels on the fence. Wire spacing should be close enough to prevent the animal from stepping through or putting its head between the wires. One electrified wire should be at the animals' nose level. An electrified top wire above the animal's head is recommended if it is a habitual jumper.

If you are unfamiliar with fencing for a particular species, please contact Rutland for advice.


Electric Fence For Llamas
Llama
Llamas are very intelligent and quickly learn to respect an electric fence. As highly sociable herd animals, they are more comfortable around other llamas, making them easy to control and train. However, they present some unique challenges because their thick coats do not conduct electricity well and predators can be a problem, especially for young crias (baby llamas).

We recommend electrified high tensile fence as a safe and secure solution. A high tensile fence works well to contain llamas and also serves to keep predators out. Llamas require an energiser that can maintain 4,000 - 5,000 volts on the fence line. Voltage levels are impacted by vegetation on the fence line, length of fence and type of wire. A minimum of 5,000 volts on the fence line is required to keep out predators.
Wire Spacing Guide
Wire spacing guide for llamas

Depending on a variety of factors, the number of fence wires can vary from four to six, depending on: whether you will separate crias at weaning, if you keep breeding males separated, and if predators are a problem.

Although llamas have a natural dislike for canines and can protect themselves by kicking, they may be bothered by predators. However, crias are more susceptible to predators. A high tensile fence with properly spaced wires will deter predators.


Electric Fence for Ostriches
Ostriches
Ostriches, emus and rheas can be challenging to contain. However, electric fence provides an affordable, easy to install, low maintenance option that will safely contain Ostriches whilst excluding predators.

Ostriches have a tendency to reach over, under or through any type of fence to eat grass on the other side. Plus, they can grow to more than 2 metres tall. While these birds don't fly, they do jump. This means the wire spacing needs to be close together and at least 2 metres high.

If using electric fence with ostriches, consider that feathers are not good conductors of electricity. Therefore a high powered energiser must be used. Two-legged species have less contact with the ground than four-legged animals, thus making a properly installed earth system essential. 

Existing or Shorter Fences
A closely spaced woven wire fence, 5 cm x 10 cm, (2 inches x 4 inches) at least 1.5 metres (approx 5 feet) high will contain the birds. An electrified wire installed on the top inside of this type of fence will prevent ostriches and emus from jumping over. Electrified wires placed on the outside bottom will keep predators from digging under the fence.

Note: We do not recommend using electric fencing to contain chicks. Use either chain link or closely spaced woven wire. Never use barbed wire fencing, as it can cause injury to the birds.
Wire Spacing Guide
Wire spacing guide for ostriches

A 2 metre (6 feet) electric high tensile fence used around the perimeter will both contain the birds as well as keep out predators. Use a minimum of 15 wires starting 10 cm (4inches) from the ground, and 10 cm (4 inches) apart for the first 1.25 metres (4 feet) of height and 20 cm (8 inches) apart for the top 0.75 metres (2.5 feet) . The "hot" wires should be on the outside of the fence to keep the predators out, while also containing adult birds.


Electric Fence for Deer Containment
doe and fawn
Remember deer are wild animals and are not conditioned to human contact. They tend to range over wide areas to forage, are highly motivated to reach food sources, can jump higher than most other animals, spook easily, and are prone to predator attacks.

For these reasons, deer need fencing that provides both a physical and psychological barrier like electric high tensile fence. An electrified high tensile fence is the best choice because it can be tall, durable and secure, and also serves to keep predators out.

Deer can exhibit excitable behaviour. Unfamiliar and unexpected sounds or stimuli, like unfamiliar people, barking dogs or traffic may create stress and erratic behaviour.

Electrified high tensile fencing is an excellent choice for a permanent perimeter fence. These low-maintenance fences can last up to 20 years and are the best solution for deer control. Consider using Rutland Electro-Wood, the self insulating timber from sustainable hardwood forests on permanent high tensile fences. It consists of posts and droppers so is simple and low cost to install, highly durable and environmentally friendly. The high tensile wire and spring system of a high tensile fence allow it to flex and return to its original shape if run into, making it optimal for deer.

Deer require an energiser that can maintain 3,000 - 4,000 volts on the fence line and a minimum of 1.5 joules of energy, higher on long fences. Voltage levels are affected by vegetation on the fence line, length of fence, and diameter of wire.

Wire Spacing Guide
Wire spacing guide for containing deer

For farmed deer, wire spacing should be close enough to prevent the animal from stepping through or putting its head between the wires. Attach seven to nine wire strands to posts that stand at least 2 metres above ground. Be sure that wires are placed near the nose level of the animal. Use a low impedance fence controller.

Note: To prevent jumping, an electrified top wire above the deer head is recommended.

If unfamiliar with fencing for a particular species, you may want to consult Rutland Electric Fencing Company customer service experts at +44 (0)1572 722558.
Frequently Asked Questions

What do I need to consider in setting up an electric fence for llamas?

Llamas are fairly easy to contain and rarely try to escape, especially if there is more than one llama fenced in.

Electric fence is the safest fence to use for llamas, as it easily contains the llamas while keeping out any predators. It is recommended to have secure, tight fencing at least 1.25 metres high for the perimeter fence, as it will provide safety and security for the llamas and crias (baby llamas).

At times, internal temporary fencing is recommended to separate the breeding males and females and the newly weaned crias.


Are electric fence systems safe for containing ostrich?
Electric high tensile fence systems work well for ostriches as an external perimeter fence, especially where predators are a problem. It is also effective to place an electric wire at the top and bottom of an existing mesh or chain link fence to keep out predators (wire is on the outside of the fence) or to keep the ostriches from jumping over the fence, particularly if the fence is less than 2 metres high (wire is on the inside of the fence).

That being said, electric fences may not be the best overall solution for ostriches, as these birds have a tendency to reach over, through or under fencing, which could risk their getting caught in the electric wires. Chain link or closely meshed woven wire fences 2 metres high (6 feet) are the safest and most effective.

Never use barbed wire fencing, as it can cause damage to the birds.


Why do you recommend at least a 2 metre electrified high tensile fence for deer and elk?
Deer and elk are not easily domesticated - they are accustomed to roaming where they please, which is usually to food sources. Since they are strong jumpers, they can easily clear a fence that is their height. In addition, they may "test" the electric fence by running into it to get out, so the fence needs to be durable and resilient to pressure.

Electric high tensile fence is the ideal solution since it is long lasting, extremely strong, and will maintain its shape even if run into. It can easily be built to 2 metre or taller heights.